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Objectives and competences

Degree in Nursing’s objectives and professional skills

To train nurses who are able to identify, assess and act on health and treatment needs of the sick and the healthy, through work experience, incorporating professional values and paying attention to the most important health issues in the areas of medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, paediatrics, psychiatry and other clinical areas that enable nursing skills, knowledge and attitudes to be included in professional practice.

Professional skills:

  • Be able, within the nursing field, to provide technical and professional healthcare appropriate to the health needs of the persons attended, in accordance with current scientific knowledge and with the quality and safety requirements of applicable legislation and ethical standards.
  • Plan and provide nursing care for individuals, families or groups, focusing on health results and evaluating its impact, using guides to clinical practice and care that set out the processes involved in the diagnosis, treatment or care of a health problem.
  • Know and be able to apply the theoretical and methodological fundamentals and principles of nursing.
  • Understand the interactive behaviour of the person according to gender, group or community, within a social and multicultural context.
  • Design care systems for individuals, families or groups, evaluating their impact and implementing appropriate changes.
  • Base nursing practice on scientific evidence and the means available.
  • Understand people without prejudice, assessing their physical, psychological and social characteristics as autonomous and independent individuals, ensuring their opinions, beliefs and values are respected and guaranteeing their right to privacy via professional confidentiality.
  • Encourage and respect the patient's right to be involved, informed, independent and to give informed consent when decisions are taken, in accordance with their experience of the process of health and illness.
  • Promote healthy lifestyles, encouraging continued preventive and therapeutic behaviours.
  • Protect the health and welfare of the individuals, families or groups attended, guaranteeing their safety.
  • Establish effective communication with patients, families, social groups and colleagues and promote education about health.
  • Know how to apply the principle of social justice to professional practice, understanding the ethical implications of health in a changing world.
  • Possess knowledge of the principles of healthcare and social healthcare financing and the appropriate use of available resources.
  • Establish evaluation mechanisms, taking into consideration scientific, technical and quality issues.
  • Work with teams of professionals as a basic unit in which professionals and other staff in healthcare organisations are structured along single- or multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary lines.
  • Possess knowledge of healthcare information systems.
  • Provide nursing care based on integrated healthcare principles, involving multi-professional cooperation, process integration and continuity of care.
  • Possess knowledge of the strategies for making patients and their families comfortable and alleviating symptoms in the administration of palliative care in situations of advanced or terminal illness.

 

Degree in Physiotherapy’s objectives and professional skills

To train general physiotherapists with the scientific training and skill necessary to describe, identify, treat and compare health problems that physiotherapy can help.

To this end, students must be able to use a series of methods, procedures, models, techniques and actions which, by means of applying physical mediums, can treat and aid the recovery and adaptation of people who are suffering from deterioration, functional limitations, disabilities or changes in their physical functions and state of health, whether the result of a lesion, illness or other cause. They must also be able to use the aforementioned mediums in health promotion and maintenance, and in preventing illness and its consequences. Furthermore, they must consider the individual in his three dimensions, that is, biological, psychological and social.

Professional skills

  • Possess knowledge and understanding of human morphology, physiology, pathology and behaviour in both healthy and sick people in the general and social context.
  • Possess knowledge and understanding of the sciences, models, techniques, and instruments on which physiotherapy is based and practised.
  • Possess knowledge and understanding of physiotherapeutic methods, procedures and actions, both in therapy as such applied in clinical conditions in order to re-train or recover functionality, and in the performance of activities intended to promote and maintain health.
  • Acquire clinical experience to obtain the necessary intellectual abilities and technical and manual skills, to facilitate the incorporation of ethical and professional values and to develop the ability to assimilate the knowledge acquired so that, at the end of their studies, the students know how to apply them both to specific clinical cases in a hospital or non-hospital context and to primary and community healthcare activities.
  • Evaluate the functional state of the patient, taking into account physical, psychological and social aspects.
  • Perform a diagnostic evaluation of physiotherapeutic care in accordance with standards and internationally recognised instruments of validation.
  • Design a physiotherapy treatment plan according to criteria of appropriateness, validity and efficiency.
  • Implement, manage and coordinate the physiotherapy treatment plan, using appropriate therapeutic tools and taking into account the user's individual situation.
  • Evaluate the progress of the results obtained from the treatment in relation to the defined objectives.
  • Prepare the physiotherapy discharge report once the objectives have been attained.
  • Provide effective physiotherapy care, ensuring patients receive overall care.
  • Participate in the fields of health promotion, preventive medicine, protection and recovery.
  • Know how to work with professional teams as a basic unit in which professionals and other staff in healthcare organisations are structured along single- or multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary lines.
  • Incorporate the profession's ethical and legal principles into professional practice and include social and community considerations in decision-making processes.
  • Participate in the preparation of physiotherapy care protocols based on scientific evidence, promoting professional activities that boost research in the field of physiotherapy.
  • Carry out physiotherapy treatments based on integrated healthcare principles, involving multi-professional cooperation, process integration and continuity of care.
  • Recognise the importance of updating the knowledge, abilities, skills and attitudes that make up the professional competences of the physiotherapist.
  • Acquire clinical management skills, including the efficient use of healthcare resources and carry out planning, management and control activities in the care units where physiotherapy care is provided, paying attention to their links with other healthcare services.
  • Be able to communicate effectively and clearly, both orally and in writing, with health system users and with other professionals.

 

Career opportunities

  • Professional nursing in:
    • Hospital Centres
    • Medical Centres
    • Primary Health Care Centres
    • Mental Health Institutions
    • Social care and geriatric Hospitals
    • Educational Centres
    • Workplaces, Safety, Health and Welfare at work
    • Sport and Leisure Centres
  • Medical specialties in different fields of action
    • Primary care and outpatient physiotherapy services
    • Home visit physiotherapy
    • Hospital physiotherapy (acute care hospitals; socio health and day hospitals)
  • Geriatrics, in geriatric facilities
    • Assisted living facilities
    • Day centres
  • Physical and/or mental disability
    • Assisted living centres
    • Day centres
    • Educational and occupational therapy centres
    • Occupational therapy workshops
  • Dependency
    • Evaluation of the degree of dependence
    • Apart from healthcare, the assessment and use of the appropriate technical aids and the correct adaptation of surroundings is an important task, and carers must be trained in this; they must also be trained to provide comprehensive care to the dependent person, promoting personal autonomy and preventing dependency
  • Sports
    • Competitive sports clubs
    • Sports facilities
  • The workplace
    • Promotion and teaching of occupational health
    • Prevention of work-related risks in the services for this purpose, carrying out risk assessment and employee training
  • Prevention
    • Health promotion and education
  • Training/teaching and research
  • Management