Degree in Nursing’s practices place the student in a real action scenario, and not only at the end of the learning period. They are trained by acting the way they would when they will be professional. That is why practical training is much more important than in other courses.
Prior to clinical practices, the student must do simulations or workshops that act as professional practices in the skills classroom. The purpose is to acquire the skills gradually applying the different techniques to obtain the maximum information before going to the care centers, where they will have to face the clinical practices in real patients.
Classes in the skills classrooms are practical sessions in which the student must apply directly to certain techniques or procedures in the greatest possible reality, but in a simulated framework, without involving the patient.
Given that each student has different aptitudes than the rest, the teacher must offer an individualized approach to increasse the student’s confidence and security in themselves, that’s why classes are held in small groups.
These classes begin with a theoretical introduction and a practical demonstration by the teacher. Then, each student will individually develop the class technique or procedure under the teacher’s supervision who will make the appropriate corrections.
The practice can be repeated as many times as necessary, until the student achieves optimal skills. To carry out these classes, right logistical help is needed: audiovisual material, simulation mannequins, anatomical models, clinical material, surgical instruments, fungible material, etc.
The physical spaces where these simulated practices are performed are located in the classrooms of the Faculty of Nursing building and in the classrooms of the Teaching Unit, located at the University Hospital Arnau de Vilanova.
The main objective for the student of the second year clinical practices of the Degree is to participate in the usual operation of a hospitalization service. Their function is to observe, evaluate the patient and put into practice the theoretical knowledge, applying assisting, providing the necessary nursing care and skills acquired in the demonstration classrooms.
In the third year of the Degree, the objective for the student is to participate and integrate into the healthcare team and the regular operation of a hospitalization service. Their function is to observe, evaluate, diagnose and plan the necessary activities, putting theoretical knowledge into practice, applying it to care, providing the necessary nursing care and skills acquired in the skills classrooms.
In the fourth year clinical practices of the Degree, the objective for the student is to participate and integrate into the healthcare team and the regular operation of special services, community, mental health and institutionalized seniors. Their function is to observe, evaluate, diagnose and plan the necessary activities and evaluate the expected results, putting into practice theoretical knowledge, applying it to care, providing the necessary nursing care and the skills acquired in the skills classrooms.
Objectives of the clinical practices of the Degree in Physiotherapy:
Although the Practicum begins in the 3rd Semester of the Degree, Classrooms of Skills and practical experiences have been carried out during the 1st, 2nd and 3rd year of the Degree. In the following points we specify the planning of the Practicum, but we must remember that the Skills Classrooms are carried out during all the courses of the Degree.
The classes that are given in the skills classrooms are practical sessions where the student has to make a direct application to certain techniques, procedures, palpations or evaluations with the greatest possible realism, but in a simulated framework, without involving the patient.
Students will do external internships in different health institutions, services and specialties to be able to assume the skills (knowledge, skills and attitudes). These will be taken over gradually.
This practicum will be carried out in institutions in the field of hospital, home and outpatient physiotherapy, in primary care centers, in centers for the disabled, in residences and geriatric centers, in work accident insurance companies and in sports clubs.
The student will perform the practices five days a week in the morning or afternoon shift depending on the service and the assignment of the coordinator. The programming and distribution of students in clinical internships will be done by the practicum coordinators and will be made known in advance to the students and the receiving centers.